When you grow your own vegetables, it is not only extremely rewarding but also a lot of fun. In order to start a vegetable garden, the essentials are some plants and good quality soil. In addition to this, you will also need to do some research on what keeps plants vigorous and healthy. Some of the all-season vegetables that can be grown in New Zealand include broccoli, beetroot, carrots, cabbage, cucumber, cauliflower, radishes, pumpkin, spring onions, spinach and several others.
Step 1: Taking care of soil health
Traditional chemical agriculture involves feeding the crop plants with synthetic fertilisers. This is the complete opposite of what organic gardening entails. Even though various mineral nutrients and fertilisers must be added to the vegetable garden on a regular basis, organic matter is actually the best substance to build and maintain healthy soil.
Organic matter can be added to the soil in several different ways like compost, animal manures, shredded leaves, cover crops etc. It helps to improve the fertility and the structure of the soil. Organic matter essentially serves as a constant nitrogen and nutrient supply source which helps the plants to grow.
Step 2: Creating and using space
Your garden should be located close to a water source and should also receive adequate sunlight, while being protected from wind and frost. In addition to this, it is also important to utilise the space available in your garden in the best possible way.
Garden sheds are an excellent way to keep your garden organised. You can use different a steel or cedar garden sheds like a storehouse for your vegetable garden. It could be the place where you keep all your gardening equipment, toolbox, soil packs, seeds etc. You can also add shelves to make storage more convenient and it’s a great way to keep everything safe and organised.
Lots of people would like to have a big vegetable garden where they can plant all kinds of crops, including ones that take up a lot of space, like corn, pumpkins, dried beans, cucumbers, melons etc.
If there is room and you also have the energy and time to build a big vegetable garden, then it’s a great idea. However, vegetable gardens which make effective use of the available space are easier to maintain. So think about these factors before deciding upon the size of the garden you wish to plant.
Step 3: Move your crops around
You need to undertake crop rotation for your vegetable garden. This means growing a crop in the exact same spot only once in three years. This way you are assured the same vegetables will not end up depleting those same nutrients (needed for their growth) years in a row. This technique also helps detect any disease pathogens or insect pests which might be thriving in the garden soil once the crop gets harvested.
In order to utilise the 3 year system of crop rotation, it is best to create a written garden plan in the growing season each year. This plan will show where different crops are located and make crop rotation easier. You can also maximise your growing space by following the technique of succession when planting crops. Plant only a few seeds/transplants at different times during the entire growing season, instead of planting everything at one go. This will also allow your harvest season to last longer than usual for all crops.
New Zealand is one of the most ideal countries to do gardening in the entire world. Every season and its weather support the growth of different crops so if you live in New Zealand, make a beautiful vegetable garden part of your home. To get started visit Riverlea Group Ltd. They are established suppliers of outdoor products, including wooden garden sheds in New Zealand. Visit their website at www.riverleagroup.co.nz to find a garden shed that suits your garden and budget.